Colitis / Ulcerative Colitis

There is a greater crossover between Colitis and IBS, than with Crohn’s, however again if you recognise the symptoms below do get yourself checked out as there are better treatments for Colitis than IBS at present.

We have listed organisations who offer invaluable support for Colitis sufferers.  They are the same for Crohn’s as most organisations deal with Crohn’s and Colitis together under the IBD - Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

They are all experts in the field of colitis which is why we feel that they are all worth visiting.

Colitis - Wikipedia Definition.

In medicine, colitis (pl. colitides) refers to an inflammation of the colon and is often used to describe an inflammation of the large intestine (colon, caecum and rectum).

Colitides may be acute and self-limited or chronic, i.e. persistent, and broadly fits into the category of digestive diseases.

In a medical context, the label colitis (without qualification) is used if:

The aetiology of the inflammation in the colon is undetermined; for example, colitis may be applied to Crohn's disease at a time when the diagnosis has not declared itself, or

The context is clear; for example, an individual with ulcerative colitis is talking about their disease with a physician that knows the diagnosis.

The signs and symptoms of colitides are quite variable and dependent on the etiology (or cause) of the given colitis and factors that modify its course and severity.

Symptoms of colitis may include: abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, diarrhea, cramping, urgency and bloating.

Signs may include: abdominal tenderness, weight loss, changes in bowel habits (increased frequency), fever, bleeding (overt or occult)/bloody stools, diarrhea and distension.

Signs seen on colonoscopy include: colonic mucosal erythema (redness of the inner surface of the colon), ulcers, bleeding.


Symptoms suggestive of colitis are worked-up by obtaining the medical history, a physical examination and laboratory tests (CBC, electrolytes, stool culture and sensitivity, stool ova and parasites et cetera). Additional tests may include medical imaging (e.g. abdominal computed tomography, abdominal X-rays) and an examination with a camera inserted into the rectum (sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy).

Sources of Help:





New Zealand








Colitis and  IBS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome